by Fernando Maria de Benedictis, MD, FERS
Published in JAMA Pediatrics, 21 December 2018. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2018.3831
Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory illness of early childhood and has a high associated health care cost owing to hospitalization. Several therapies have been investigated, but none has shown clear efficacy. The American Academy of Pediatrics guideline recommends only supportive care, including oxygen to correct hypoxemia and appropriate fluid replacement to maintain hydration. Traditionally, low-flow 100% oxygen (up to 2 L/min) through nasal prongs has been used to correct hypoxemia in infants with bronchiolitis.