By Yu-Ching Su, Emma Mattsson, Birendra Singh, Farshid Jalalvand, Timothy F Murphy, Kristian Riesbeck
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, To be published September 15, 2019
Laminin is a well-defined component of the airway basement membrane (BM). Efficient binding of laminin via multiple interactions is important for nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) colonization in the airway mucosa. In this study, we identified elongation factor thermo-unstable (EF-Tu), l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), protein D (PD), and peptidoglycan-associated lipoprotein P6 as novel laminin-binding proteins (Lbps) of NTHi. In parallel with other well-studied Lbps (protein 4 [P4], protein E [PE], protein F [PF], and Haemophilus adhesion and penetration protein [Hap]), EF-Tu, LDH, PD, and P6 exhibited interactions with laminin, and mediated NTHi laminin-dependent adherence to pulmonary epithelial cell lines. More importantly, the NTHi laminin interactome consisting of the well-studied and novel Lbps recognized laminin LG domains from the subunit α chains of laminin-111 and -332, the latter isoform of which is the main laminin in the airway BM. The NTHi interactome mainly targeted multiple heparin-binding domains of laminin. In conclusion, the NTHi interactome exhibited a high plasticity of interactions with different laminin isoforms via multiple heparin-binding sites.
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