Changes in Serotype of Streptococcus pneumoniae After the Introduction of the 13-Valent Pneumococcal Vaccine in a Homogenous Population on Jeju Island

by Yoo JR, Heo ST, Oh H, Oh S, Kim YR, Lee KH

Published in Infection & Chemotherapy, March 2019. 

 

Researchers compared the serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae between the pre-pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)13 era and post-PCV13 era among homogenous inhabitants of an isolated South Korean island. A total of 325 S. pneumoniae strains were isolated. In the pre-PCV13 era, 19A/F, 15A/F, 19B, and 23A serotypes were identified. In the post-PCV13 era, 15 serotypes were identified. The 19F and 23A serotypes showed the highest prevalence in the pre- and post-PCV13 era, respectively. After PCV13 introduction, the PCV 13 serotype coverage rate was decreased (80.0% and 30.5% in the pre- and post-PCV13 eras, respectively), while the proportion of non-PCV 13 serotypes increased.

 

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Safety and immunogenicity of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in preterm infants

by López-Sanguos C, Rivero Calle I, Rodriguez Tenreiro C, Raguindin PF, Martinón-Torres F

Published in Expert Opinion on Drug Safety, 23 March 2019. 

 

 

The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) in the routine immunization program has resulted in a significant decline in invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPD) around the world. Preterm infants are a special group at a high risk of invasive infection by encapsulated bacteria. However, their slow growth accrual and prolonged hospital stays frequently lead to delays in immunization, which contributes to their risk of severe infections.

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Evaluation of a phased pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction in Mongolia using enhanced pneumonia surveillance and community carriage surveys: a study protocol for a prospective observational study and lessons learned

by La Vincente SF, von Mollendorf C, Ulziibayar M, Satzke C, Dashtseren L, Fox KK, Dunne EM, Nguyen CD, de Campo J, de Campo M, Thomson H, Surenkhand G, Demberelsuren S, Bujinlkham S, Do LAH, Narangerel D, Cherian T, Mungun T, Mulholland EK

Published in BMC Public Health, 21 March 2019. 

 

 

Streptococcus pneumoniae causes substantial morbidity and mortality among children. The introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV) has the potential to dramatically reduce disease burden. As with any vaccine, it is important to evaluate PCV impact, to help guide decision-making and resource-allocation. Measuring PCV impact can be complex, particularly to measure impact on one of the most common and significant diseases caused by the pneumococcus, namely pneumonia. Here researchers outline the protocol developed to evaluate the impact of 13-valent PCV (PCV13) on childhood pneumonia in Mongolia, and a number of lessons learned in implementing the evaluation that may be helpful to other countries seeking to undertake pneumonia surveillance.

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Impact of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in children under 15 years old in Madrid, Spain, 2007 to 2016: The HERACLES clinical surveillance study

by Picazo JJ, Ruiz-Contreras J, Casado-Flores J, Negreira S, Baquero-Artigao F, Hernández-Sampelayo T, Otheo E, Amo MD, Méndez C; Heracles Study Group

Published in Vaccine, 19 March 2019.

 

 

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Using the data from the HERACLES clinical surveillance study (2007-2016), researchers describe the population impact of the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PVC13) on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in children <15 years of age in the Community of Madrid, Spain.

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Ongoing Exposure of U.K. Infants to Vaccine Serotype Pneumococci

by Mary Slack, FRCPATH; Andrew Vyse, PhD; Harish Madhava, MD; Ralf-Rene Reinert, MD; Gillian Ellsbury, MD; Carole Czudek, PhD; Bradford Gessner, MD

Published in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, April 2019. doi: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002184  "To the editors: 

We read with interest the article by Makwana et al. The authors note that most childhood invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) cases are now due to non-13 valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) serotypes though PCV13 serotypes remain in circulation with serotypes 3 and 19A listed among the top 10 that caused IPD in children in 2015/16. Of the 25 cases with PCV13-type IPD in 2015/16, 11 (44%) were due to serotype 19A.

 

Key insight is given into the IPD burden in infants 3–11 months of age, which over the 6-year study period accounted for a substantial proportion (508/1255, 40%) of the total in children <5 years of age. Additionally, meningitis was most prevalent in infants (209/456 cases, 45.8%) and was associated with the highest case fatality (9.6%). The most recent data from 2015/16 showed 103/271 (38%) of IPD cases occurred in infants 3–11 months of age, with 5 (4.8%) attributed to PCV13 serotypes. This reflects an increase in infant IPD compared with 2014/15 and slightly exceeds the number of cases in this age group in 2010/11 when PCV13 was first introduced illustrating a continuing and substantial burden of infant IPD. ..."

 

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