The Impact of the Duration of Antibiotic Therapy in Patients With Community-Onset Pneumonia on Readmission Rates: A Retrospective Cohort Study

By Daniel M. Parshall, Julia E. Sessa, Kelly M. Conn, Lisa M. Avery

Journal of Pharmacy Practice, October 23, 2019

 

The primary objective is to evaluate the relationship between antibiotic duration and all-cause 30-day readmission rates. Secondary outcomes include pneumonia-specific 30-day readmission rate and identification of risk factors for readmission.

Patients aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of pneumonia from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2016, were included in this single-center, retrospective cohort study. Patients were categorized by antibiotic therapy duration of ≤7 days (n = 139) or >7 days (n = 286), and outcomes were analyzed in both bivariate and multivariate models. A multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between all-cause 30-day readmission and antibiotic days.

Baseline characteristics were not significantly different between the 2 groups. All-cause 30-day readmission rates were 15.8% and 15.5% for patients who received ≤7 days versus >7 days of antibiotics, respectively (P = .95). Pneumonia-specific 30-day readmission occurred in 3.6% of patients who received antibiotics for ≤7 days compared to 3.5% of patients who received antibiotics for >7 days (P = .95). Multivariate logistic regression showed no statistically significant association between readmission rate and antibiotic duration of >7 days. Statistically significant risk factors for readmission identified by logistic regression include ≥3 hospital admissions within the previous year, a hematocrit <30% at discharge, a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), and weight.

 

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Sunday, 23 February 2020