By Poole, N.M., Shapiro, D.J., Kronman, M.P. et al.
Infectious Diseases and Therapy, November 27, 2019.
National guidelines published in 2011 recommend amoxicillin as first-line treatment for non-hospitalized children with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). We aimed to understand visit rates, antibiotic selection, and factors associated with amoxicillin prescribing for children with CAP since guideline publication.
We performed a cross-sectional retrospective study of patients aged 90 days–18 years with an outpatient clinic or emergency department (ED) visit from 2008 to 2015 using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey ED data files, respectively. We estimated the incidence rates of ambulatory CAP visits, examined time trends in antibiotics prescribed at CAP visits, and determined factors independently associated with first-line guideline-recommended antibiotic prescribing using multivariable logistic regression, including patient age, setting, and US census region.
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